Nigeria, identifying the right Leadership between the intelligent and the ability to wield power
“Franklin Roosevelt was a great leader. He saw how to use the levers of power to affect change” —— Pete du Pont
What sets a leader apart is not that he has power, but that he has the wisdom and maturity to use the power wisely, choosing between an intelligent person who cannot wield power and a person who can wield power has always been a major mistake in the ascension to power in most corporate and political settings causing a major setback and in some cases a total collapse in the business activities, leadership positions or government as a whole. You cannot separate leadership from the ability to identify and appropriate the use of power, but the followers must trust the use of such power, the followers must be able to identify and see clearly that it is not just enough for the leaders to exercise such powers, they must see the power as being used to protect freedom and give all people hope for the opportunity to see the fruit of their own labour.
When such powers are eventually used to protect the people it develops into trust and such trust builds the general output of any organization or country, the trust is a critical factor between the leader and the followers, it is a form of chemistry that cannot be explained in lay terms, it is only explained in the submission of total will of the followers to the direction of the leader knowing and believing without doubt that his instructions represents the general interest of all.
The intelligent has almost in all cases risen to the height of an organisation or government through their ability to fashion out theoretical solutions to problems, they are quick in following some of the best models of solving challenges and problems theoretically, they are seen as fashioning out ways to combat problems with formulas not minding the human psychology of resistance, ego, indifferent and personal interest.
The question has always been on the forefront, how to we pick the next leader or who do we give the leadership role to within an organization or more importantly in government. So between two people who have risen in ranks and are contending for the top job of any organization, between the very brilliant who knows the theory solutions and who cannot wield power and the averagely intelligent who can wield power, who should the organization or country hand over the mantle of leadership.
Most people recognise power as the ultimate control that the leaders at the top of the organizations or government exerts from their positions as being the overall boss down the hierarchy. To think power starts and stops at the formal authority is the biggest mistake most organizations and governments make in picking their leaders, the leadership born from formal authority is just a title attached to an office, without knowing the principles of power itself and how to combine it with the office and title often leads to failure with the consequences as loses borne on the organization or government which in most times results in billions of dollars before the damage is realised
A leader who cannot wield power can be likened to a soldier going to war without his rifle and hoping to stand before the enemy and order them to surrender. The greatest of leaders are those who with their intelligence can also wield power or those in spite of their intelligence are able to wield power. After all some of the Fortune 500 companies and governments that have gone bankrupt or near bankrupt was not because the CEOs or government leaders were not Ivy League graduates but because they lack the style of leadership on how to use power. The leaders and CEOs who had taken over the mantle of leadership to revive the situations were in most cases graduates from the average universities who have trained themselves on the use of power.
There is power at every level of leadership which leaders can access but most fail to recognise them and are often underutilized. A leader might have more power within an organization or government than his subordinate, but if the subordinate wields it more effectively he might exercise more influence within that organization or government, that is the reason some junior staff are more loyal to the managers or general managers than to their CEO’s or heads of parastatals are more loyal to ministers and governors than to the presidency.
The power of position, this is the power that is derived from a person’s title or position within a group, organization or government
The power of charisma, this is style or persona used by a leader to generate influence and used to accumulate power.
The power of relationships, through formal and informal networks both inside and outside of their organizations, a leader is able to build influence and power.
The power of information, Information is power and those who have firsthand information often use it to their own advantage, this form of power is generated through the use of evidence deployed to make an argument and often when it is right you gain favor and appreciation either through from boss or followers.
The power of expertise, this is the intelligent mind, it is the power and influence that one builds through developing, communicating and knowing some special knowledge known only to you or being a genius at using theories to solve challenges or problems.
The power of punishment, this is the ability of a leader to use his position to discipline and to sanction for failure to conform to standards or expectations.
The power of reward, when a leader has the ability and capacity to identify or reward individuals for their efforts and results.
When the top job is given to the intelligent man that cannot wield power
Psychology has it that people are mostly attracted to people who exhibits the traits which they lack, the danger of bestowing the top job whether in an organization or government to an intelligent man who cannot wield power is as dangerous as losing the whole treasury. With time what happens is the leader gather around himself powerful individuals to help him exert the power which he so desires to run the organization. The intelligent in most cases is power derived from expertise, who has been elevated to power of position which often results from rising in ranks of the organization and government, they are often seen as an individual who should not be denied the position because he has worked so hard. The bitter truth is there are different levels of power and the ultimate power of any organization or government lies with the man at the very top.
Very soon what starts to happen is those individuals that help him exert the power he craves for starts to use it to their won advantages, he soon finds it difficult to confront them on any wrong doing since he needs them and their support to achieve his results, for men will always find the opportunity to better their own cause unless they find themselves under a strong leadership to be honest. What eventually happens is the gradual breakdown of law and order as each person he relies on builds their own loyalist within the organization or government. The leader who originally lacks the power of punishment, power of charisma, and power of relationship slowly loses grip on the power of information as people shift their loyalty to the new power block within the organization or government who now exerts more influence through the maximum use of power gained from their new positions.
To gain favor or buy back loyalty most leaders resort to the power of rewards, this is where the organization or government starts to lose money, undue rewards is given to gain favor, and those who are paid for favor soon become sycophants who will never tell the truth but only what the boss wants to hear and still owes their loyalties to those who still hold the influence within the organization or government. A classic example is the past president Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan who was seen as a PhD holder though not out rightly intelligent, he could not wield power.
When the top job is given to the man who can wield power though averagely intelligent.
The averagely intelligent leader but has the capacity to wield power, he is seen as a n nonsense leader, the leader those who lack integrity and honesty dread to work with. The leader though not the smartest person around knows that the only way to accomplish his goals is to enlist the services of intellectuals to work with him. He knows he has full control, he knows the bulk of work stops at his table and he will take the blame for any failure which he is always ready to own up to. He knows his integrity is at stake and he is not ready to compromise it. He would rather push himself and his team to the limit in order to achieve their aims.
He delegates responsibilities and hold everyone accountable, he is not the mean spirited leader, he must exhibit emotional intelligence to a high degree but also make everyone understand that the results expected is the reason they are occupying their positions. Through his power of position he passes down a message that he is in charge and he is not ready to compromise that position. Those he has chosen to help lead are called to high standards because he has control over the power of punishment. So each leader within the organization knows that there is consequences for wrong doings and are always on their toes to do what is right and to call others to the same standards.
The leader exhibit such power of charisma which ultimately pulls people to him and this helps him in building an amazing influence and this influence develops into the power of relationship, people want to associate with him, not just because he is the leader but because there is a connection between them, he has been able to develop a bond of loyalty. This bond of loyalty is the ultimate step to the power of information, those loyal to you will always furnish you with the right information and will never withhold anything from a leader they see as representing their interest. They know whatever they withhold will definitely affect them too on the long run. With the trust the performance becomes unconditional and both the leader and the followers give their best. There must be trust within power to get maximum performance, and with a common vision, attention is focused and it will be a natural process which will boost output and of course this allows the leader the ability to use the power of reward.
The ability to wield power by a leader ultimately affects the performance of people within the organization or government that is why a person can be so successful through performance under one leader and is a failure under another leader while performing the same task.